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DATUK MAHARAJA LELA (NOVEL- PAHLAWAN PASIR SALAK)


This topic will discuss about the characteristics of Datuk Maharaja Lela as portrayed in the novel Pahlawan Pasir Salak.

The Pasir Salak Historical Complex was built in remembrance of the struggle of Datuk Maharaja Lela against the British rule. Pasir Salak was also the place where J.W.W. Birch was killed by Datuk Maharaja Lela. British intervention in Perak resulted in the resentment among the local people which in return led to the opposition of colonial rule.
British intervention in Perak started when there was a friction among the princes as to who should ascend to the throne of Perak. On 15th January 1874, the British amy arrived in Pulau Pangkor and the Pangkor Treaty was signed on 20th January 1874. The British appointed Raja Abdullah who supported them as the Sultan of Perak and dethroned the then present Sultan that was, Raja Ismail. The action of the British caused further misunderstanding between Raja Ismail and Raja Abdullah and also the fiction among the Malay chieftains.
On November 1874, the British Government appointed J.W.W. Birch as the first British Resident in Perak. His job was to impose taxes on all the State revenue and to rule Perak.
J.W.W. Birch administered the state without studying in detail the government regulations that had long been practiced in the state. Birch also did not try to understand the feeling and customs of the Malay Rulers. Birch issued an order letter that required all taxes and revenue in the state to be collected by government officer. Punishment will be imposed on those who collect taxes without following Birch regulations.
The presence of Birch began to raise feelings of dissatisfaction among the Malays. He began to get resistance from Sultan Abdullah who has begun to feel that he was actually a puppet ruler under the British.
However, Birch continued to be more aggressive. He ruled the state with his batallion of police to instill fear on anyone. Datuk Maharaja Lela and Datuk Sagor (Seri Agar), Malay Chieftain of Kampung Gajah vowed that they will not obey any of the orders from Birch or his officers.
On 1st November 1875, Birch and his encounterage arrived at Pasir Salak. The Malays who were equipped with weapons assembled at the river mouth near Birch’s boat and torn all the order letters that were pasted. Then they threw a spear at the direction of Birch which threw him into the river and was subsequently killed by Seputum.
After the murder of Birch, Datuk Maharaja Lela and Datuk Sagor strengthened their fort at Pasir Salak and Kampung Gajah. However the British with an reinforced soldiers retaliated by attacking Pasir Salak and Kampung Gajah on 15th November 1875. Dato Sagor and Maharaja Lela’s houses and all the Malays’ houses in Pasir Salak and Kampung Gajah were destroyed and burned to the ground by the British.

LINKS1 KOMPLEKS SEJARAH PASIR SALAK
2 LAWRENCE WIKISPACES
3 PICTURE OF DATUK MAHARAJA LELA
4 PODCASTS

9 Responses to “DATUK MAHARAJA LELA (NOVEL- PAHLAWAN PASIR SALAK)

  1.   lplawrence Says:

    PLEASE CHECK

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